Middle Primary: 3-4

Welcome to middle primary at Richmond Primary School.

There are a number of transition points for students as they move through their school experience. These transition points are linked to neurological developments, social and emotional developments and academic expectations.

Major transition points include:

  1. Kindergarten
  2. Preprimary – Year 2
  3. Year 3-4
  4. Year 5-6
  5. Year 7-10
  6. Year 11- 12

What social and emotional changes can you expect?

Growing importance of friendships

In middle primary students will begin to explore and develop friendships with increasing importance. Friendships are becoming an important source of support. Students will need assistance in reflecting upon their friendship choices and their ability to objectively manage friendship issues. Students will be asked to describe factors that contribute to positive relationships, including with people at school and in their community.

Working in a group

Middle primary students will be encouraged to appreciate diverse perspectives. Students will be asked to identify the various communities to which they belong and what they can do to make a difference. They will identify communication skills that enhance relationships for particular groups and purposes. Students will be able to describe characteristics of cooperative behaviour and identify evidence of these in group activities. Students will contribute to and predict the consequences of group decisions in a range of situations. Their ability to work collaboratively and to develop their social skills will be fostered by activities that require group planning and decision making, and interaction with people inside and outside their classroom. Students will learn to become confident, resilient and adaptable in a group situation.

Development of their own identity

Students will learn to better recognise their emotions and express them appropriately.  They will recognise personal qualities and achievements, work independently and show initiative. Students will discuss the value of diverse perspectives and describe a point of view that is different from their own. They will describe personal strengths and challenges and identify skills they wish to develop. Students will identify and describe factors and strategies that assist their learning. They will begin to understand themselves as learners and they will develop reflective practices.

Problem solving

Students will develop self-discipline and goal setting techniques. Students will consider, select and adopt a range of strategies for working independently and taking initiative. They will become more confident, resilient and adaptable. Students will be able to identify a range of conflict resolution strategies to negotiate positive outcomes to problems. They will be asked to persist with tasks when faced with challenges and adapt their approach where first attempts are not successful.

What academic changes can you expect?

It is a big leap from early childhood into middle primary, particularly transitioning between year 3 and year 4.  In year 3 much of the structure of early childhood remains – smaller classes of 24, education assistant support and fewer learning areas.  In year 4 the class sizes can increase to 32, there is limited education assistant support and the number of learning areas expands. All students will notice this change and the need to adapt.  


Our middle primary school students will develop organisational skills such as using a basic diary, using their school timetable, organising their work and being ready for each class with everything they need. It is important that students begin to take responsibility for their own organisation rather than relying on teachers/parents to complete these tasks for them.

Reflection & goal setting

Our middle primary students will be asked to reflect upon their own learning, identify points of need and encouraged to seek support or advice when needed. Feedback should be viewed as an opportunity for students to reflect upon their learning.


Middle primary students will begin to develop homework habits such as using homework folders, creating a homework space at home, managing commitments and communicating with their teacher in times of need. Middle primary homework will be purposeful and directly linked to curriculum. Regular homework will focus on developing fluency in skills such as reading, spelling and basic number facts.

Developing skills to be a lifelong learner

Metacognition (the ability to reflect about your own learning) is an important process that empowers students to take more control of their own learning. Ultimately, as a lifelong learner, we develop the ability formulate questions about the world around us, gather information from a variety of reliable sources, synthesise this information and develop our own understanding. Lifelong learners are also able to identify methods that best help them to achieve this. In the middle primary we will be helping students to develop the skills to transition from ‘learning to read’ to ‘reading to learn’. They will begin to explore about how they can ‘learn how to learn’ and which techniques work best for them.